High Level of Groundwater Exploitation in Maharashtra

As per the news article in The Indian Express, according to the Comparison and analysis of pre-monsoon water levels in 2017 conducted by the CGWB, it is found that, water level in around 57 per cent of observation wells in the Maharashtra are declining rapidly. Experts said that, though, this declination of water level is less than the national average of 60.7 per cent, it is a serious issue of concern.

Image Courtesy: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com
Image Courtesy: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com

This exploitation of groundwater is not only about declining level of water but, it is also in terms of high contamination found in groundwater. In about 20 districts in Maharashtra, the presence of heavy metals is recorded at above permissible level in groundwater. The consumption of such water contaminated with metal can be very dangerous for human health.

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So, new stringent rules were created in the Maharashtra Groundwater (Development and Management) Act 2009 to check unregulated extraction of groundwater, especially from areas having problem of water shortage.  Officials also said that, there is a plan to create 1.11 rain water-harvesting and artificial recharge structures in the country with the support of central government.

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